The idyllic worldbuilding in the short story by Nikolai Gogol "The Old World Landowners"
The article discusses the idyllic worldbuilding in the short story by Nikolai Gogol "The Old-World Landowners". The author of the article proves that the "bucolic life" of old-world landowners is closely related to an idyllic chronotope, in which the idyllic spatial world of two old people is secluded, isolated, distant from the "external" world, it is distinguished by integrity and completeness. The article notes that the structure of literary space and time in this work is annular: the space narrows from domestic to idyllic, while time narrows from the present to the past, that is, from the outside world to the old-world. The study states that in the text of the short story the big world, located outside the Tovstogubov estate, is the antithesis to the old-world life, the old world. The article emphasizes that the idyllic space in the Gogol’s short story is maximally filled with a number of objects, buildings, structures, trees, plants, sounds, smells, visions. The article proves that the hospitality motive and the food motive are important components of the idyllic chronotope in the Gogol’s short-story. The author of the article also emphasizes that the separation of loving old people, that is, the breakdown of the spiritual, inner space of Afanasy Ivanovich is reflected in the destruction of the physical space, primarily in the destruction of the boundaries that once separated the two worlds – the paling and the fence. It is argued that the time of the old-world landowners – kind, cordial and sincere – is receding into the past. In conclusion, it is noted that with this literary work Gogol said goodbye to the old Ukraine in the cycle "Mirgorod": on the one hand, with the heroic chronotope of "Taras Bulba", and on the other hand, with the idyllic chronotope of "The Old-World Landowners".
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