The idyllic worldbuilding in the short story by Nikolai Gogol "The Old World Landowners"
The article discusses the idyllic worldbuilding in the short story by Nikolai Gogol "The Old-World Landowners". The author of the article proves that the "bucolic life" of old-world landowners is closely related to an idyllic chronotope, in which the idyllic spatial world of two old people is secluded, isolated, distant from the "external" world, it is distinguished by integrity and completeness. The article notes that the structure of literary space and time in this work is annular: the space narrows from domestic to idyllic, while time narrows from the present to the past, that is, from the outside world to the old-world. The study states that in the text of the short story the big world, located outside the Tovstogubov estate, is the antithesis to the old-world life, the old world. The article emphasizes that the idyllic space in the Gogol’s short story is maximally filled with a number of objects, buildings, structures, trees, plants, sounds, smells, visions. The article proves that the hospitality motive and the food motive are important components of the idyllic chronotope in the Gogol’s short-story. The author of the article also emphasizes that the separation of loving old people, that is, the breakdown of the spiritual, inner space of Afanasy Ivanovich is reflected in the destruction of the physical space, primarily in the destruction of the boundaries that once separated the two worlds – the paling and the fence. It is argued that the time of the old-world landowners – kind, cordial and sincere – is receding into the past. In conclusion, it is noted that with this literary work Gogol said goodbye to the old Ukraine in the cycle "Mirgorod": on the one hand, with the heroic chronotope of "Taras Bulba", and on the other hand, with the idyllic chronotope of "The Old-World Landowners".
2. Bahtin, M.M. (1975). Voprosyi literaturyi i estetiki. Issledovaniya raznyih [Questions of literature and aesthetics. Studies of different years]. Moskva [in Russian].
3. Belinskiy, V.G. (1978). O russkih klassikah [About Russian classics]. Moskva [in Russian].
4. Belonogova, V.Yu. (2010). K zamyislu "Starosvetskih pomeschikov". N.V. Gogol i russkaya literature [To the plan "Starosvetskih landowners." N.V. Gogol and Russian literature]. K 200-letiyu so dnya rozhdeniya velikogo pisatelya. Devyatyie Gogolevskie chteniya: sb. dokl. Mezhdunar. nauch. Konf – To the 200th anniversary of the birth of the great writer. Ninth Gogol reading: Sat. reports International scientific conf. (pp. 151–156). Moskva: ANO "Festpartner" [in Russian].
5. Gogol, N.V. (1937–1952). Polnoe sobranie sochineniy: v 14 t. / AN SSSR; In-t rus. lit. (Pushkin. Dom) [Complete Works: 14 t. / USSR Academy of Sciences; Inst. Rus. lit. (Pushkin. House)]. Chapters. ed. N. L. Meshcheryakov; ed .: V.V. Gippius (deputy head. ed.), V.A. Desnitsky, V.Ya. Kirpotin, N.L. Meshcheryakov, N.K. Piksanov, B.M. Eykhenbaum. Moscow; Leningrad: Izd-vo AN SSSR (Vols. 1–14) [in Russian].
6. Gukovskiy, G.A. (1959). Realizm Gogolya [Gogol's realism]. Moscow; Leningrad [in Russian].
7. Dokusov, A.M. (1971). "Mirgorod" N. V. Gogolya. Lektsii iz spetskursa "N.V. Gogol" ["Mirgorod" N. V. Gogol. Lectures from the special course "N. V. Gogol"]. Leningrad [in Russian].
8. Esaulov, I.A. (1995). Izobrazhenie dvuh tipov apostasii v hudozhestvennoy proze N. V. Gogolya ("Mirgorod" i "MYortvyie dushi"). Kategoriya sobornosti v russkoy literature [The image of two types of apostasy in the prose of N. V. Gogol ("Mirgorod" and "Dead Souls"). Category of catholicity in Russian literature].
Petrozavodsk [in Russian].
9. Kovalchuk, O.G. (2009) Gogol: buttya I strah: monografIya [Gogol: buttya and fear: monographs]. Nizhin [in Ukrainian].
10. Lotman, Yu.M. (1997). Hudozhestvennoe prostranstvo v proze Gogolya. O rus-skoy literature: stati i issledovaniya (1958–1993). Istoriya russkoy prozyi.
Teoriya literaturyi [Art space in the prose of Gogol. On the Russian literature: articles and studies (1958–1993). The history of Russian prose. Literature Theory]. Sankt-Peterburg [in Russian].
11. Matsapura, V. I. (2009). N.V. Gogol: hudozhestvennyiy mir skvoz prizmu poetiki [N.V. Gogol: the art world through the prism of poetics]. Poltava [in Russian].
12. Nikolaev, B.I. (1994). Organizatsiya prostranstva v "ukrainskih" povestyah N. V. Gogolya. Gogol i sovremennost (k 185-letiyu so dnya rozhdeniya) [The organization of space in the "Ukrainian" stories by N.V. Gogol. Gogol and the present (to the 185th anniversary of the birth)]. Materialyi nauchnoy konferentsii – Scientific conference materials. (pp. 170–175). Kiev [in Russian].
13. Ozhegov, S. I. (1988) Slovar russkogo yazyika: Ok. 57000 slov [Dictionary of the Russian language: about 57,000 words]. Yu. Shvedova (Ed.). (20h ed.). Moskva [in Russian].
14. Pavelieva, A. K. (2011). Idillicheskiy hronotop v povesti N.V. Gogolya "Starosvetskie pomeschiki" [The idyllic chronotope in the story of N.V.Gogol "The Old-World Landowners"]. Vestnik Kryimskih literaturnyih chteniy [Bulletin of the Crimean literary readings]. Out. 7. Simferopol [in Russian].
15. Pereverzev, V. F. (1982). Gogol. Dostoevskiy. Issledovaniya. [Gogol. Dostoevsky Investigations]. Moskva [in Russian].
16. Skuratovskiy, V. L. (1997). Na poroge kak byi dvoynogo byitiya (iz nablyudeniy nad mirami Gogolya) [At the threshold of a twin being (from observation over Gogol's worlds)]. GogoleznavchI studiyi [Gogolevzavchі studios]. Out. 2. Nizhin [in Russian].
17. Filenko, O. N. (2008). Hronotop Mirgoroda N.V. Gogolya [Chronotop of Mirgorod N.V.Gogol]. Literatura ta kultura PolIssya [Literature and culture of Polissya]. G.V. Samoylenko [Ed.]. Out. 44. Nizhin [in Ukrainian].
18. Homchak, E. G. (2009). Idillicheskiy hronotop v romane "Oblomov" I.A. Goncharova [The idyllic chronotope in the novel "Oblomov" by I.A. Goncharov]. Pivdenniy arhiv. Filologichni nauki: zbirnik naukovih prats [Southern Archive. Philological Sciences]. Out. XLIV. Herson [in Russian].
Abstract views: 86
Copyright (c) 2019 Literature and Culture of Polissya
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.