Between the text of the original and the translation: a few attention to the language of Janusz Korczak

  • Z. Weigt professor, doctor of sciences, linguist, on the department of German philology Humanitarian economic academies in Lodz.
Keywords: Korczak, works, ranslations


Janusz Korczak, a doctor, pedagogue and writer, left behind rich literary legacy in the form of dramas, novels, essays, narrative stories and others, in which children’s life situation and the defence of their rights were presented. In addition, he is the author of pedagogicalmagazines and scientific dissertations on upbringing as well as numerous sociomedical dissertations. His works have been translated into more than twenty languages. The purpose of the submitted article is to conduct an exemplary comparative analysis of the selected original Korczak's texts and their German translations. The researcher's attention
was focused mainly on the lexical, syntactic and stylistic layers of the text. The results obtained allow for a few remarks about style and language of Korczak. The issues of translatability vs. lack of full equivalence remain in close relation to the results of the analysis and the translation process.


1. Korczak J. (1980). Dziecko salonu. Wydawnictwo Literackie. Kraków.
2. Korczak J. Król Maciuś I (dostęp 27.01.2019).
3. Korczak J. (1994). Na mównicy. Publicystyka społeczna (1898-1912). Warszawa.
4. Korczak J. Dziecko salonu (dostęp 27.01.2019).
5. Korczak J. Opieka nad dzieckiem. Nr. 3-4. Warszawa 1924, 135–140.
6. Korczak J. Opieka nad dzieckiem. Nr. 5. Warszawa 1923, 230-232.
7. Beiner F., Dauzenroth E. Janusz Korczak. Sämtliche Werke. Band 1. Bearbeitet von Friedhelm und Erich Dauzenroth. Gütersloher Verlagshaus. Gütersloh 1996.
8. Beiner F., Ungermann S. Janusz Korczak Sämtliche Werke. Band 4. Bearbeitet und kommentiert von Friedhelm Beiner und Silvia Ungermann. Gütersloher Verlagshaus. Gütersloh 1999.
9. Kirchner M., Dauzenroth E. Janusz Korczak. Sämtliche Werke. Band 8. Sozialmedizinische Schriften. Bearbeitet und kommentiert von Michael Kirchner und Erich Dauzenroth. Gütersloh 1999.
10. Korczak J. Szkoła Specjalna. Nr. 1. Warszawa 1932/33, 95-98.
11. Korczak J. Verteidigt die Kinder! Gütersloh 1978, 55-58.
12. Korczak J. Von Kindern und anderen Vorbildern. Gütersloh 1985.
13. Korczak J. Opieka nad dzieckiem. Nr. 4. Warszawa 1923, 169-175.
14. Korczak J. Wybór pism pedagogicznych. Tom pierwszy. Państwowe Zakłady Wydawnictw Szkolnych. Warszawa1957.

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How to Cite
Weigt, Z. “Between the Text of the Original and the Translation: A Few Attention to the Language of Janusz Korczak”. Literature and Culture of Polissya, Vol. 95, no. 12f, July 2019, pp. 237-50, doi:10.31654/2520-6966-2019-12f-95-237-250.