Textual Synonymy as an Expressive Means of Fiction (Exemplified by Mykhailo Kotsiubynskyi’s Prose)
In the article the specificity of contextual synonymy in fiction, in particular in the works written by Mykhailo Kotsuibynskyi, is observed. Occasional synonyms acquire a novel sounding in the context due to the employment of a huge potential of the figurative use of words. Creative imagination of the artist often requires a construction of such a synonymic situation when a synonymic row goes far beyond the limits of available words or even word combinations, namely, it includes a whole spectrum of emotional and emphatic expressions used for depicting certain social and living conditions, psychological state of the characters, etc. Thus, contextual synonymy is one of the most effective means of speech serving the aesthetic needs of replacement, comparison, contrast and overall emotional and expressive content of the work of fiction. Contextual synonyms express various shades of their general meaning in different word combinations and correlate with the words of several synonymic rows, often quite distant from one another. Juxtaposing words with nonequivalent semantics and dissimilar style, emphasized by figures of speech and tropes, in one synonymic row, makes it possible for the writer to provide the narration with a certain colouring, tone, highlight the most important elements in the process of creating an artistic image in the plane of its ideological and artistic content, as well as convey the subjective assessment of the depicted objects and phenomena. Occasional synonyms, which acquire a new sounding in the context, reflect the specificity of writer’s individual style and make an important stylistic device of his outlook.
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