The functioning of metonymy and synecdoche as tropes and stylistic techniques in the lexicostatistics of Nikolai Gogol

  • O. V. Banzeruk associate Professor, Cand. Phil. D., associate Professor of the Institute of philology, translation and jornalism of Nizhyn State University named after Mykola Gogol
  • A. S. Banzeruk a fourth-year student of Institute of Philology of Taras Shevchenko National University of Kyiv
Keywords: metonymy, synecdoche, trope-stylistic technique


One of the dominant topics in text linguistics is the study of the peculiarities of the language and style of the writer. Particular interest arises while their investigation in the works of the most famous masters of the word, to whom Nikolai Gogol belongs. The means of individualization of the author’s manner, the author’s lexicostatistics are linguistic means of secondary nomination. Among them particularly productive are metonymy and synecdoche as elements of linguistic thinking and author’s individual worldview. Despite the sufficiently extensive study of metonymy and synecdoche in various aspects, the peculiarities of the functioning of the analyzed tools in discourse, artistic text, including Gogol, are not fully understood. The mechanism of the trope occurrence has not been disclosed. Their functions in Gogol’s texts have not been analyzed. Attempt to fill these gaps makes our research relevant. The article describes the process of formation of these tropes. Structural-semantic models of metonymy in Nikolai Gogol’s works of different years are distinguished. Emphasis is
placed on their subject-specific character in the early work of the writer, offering the idea of the man’s callous nature in the contemporary world of those times. It is proved that the metonymy and synecdoche of writer’s mature years, formed on the basis of the samemodels, act in a new function for them - the trope-stylistic technique which is simultaneously the outgrowing the boundaries of Gogol’s creativity symbol in a broader sense. The hypothesis has been put forward that the synthesis of these expressive means forms an eschatological model of the world, which, according to M. Gogol, is engulfed in universal
chaos and the absurdity of existence.


1. Mashinskij S. I. Hudozhestvennyj mir Gogolya: monjgrafiya. M.: Prosveshenie, 2007. 512 s.
2. Melnik S. M. Stilisticheskie i kognitivnye aspekty funkcionirovaniya metonimii i sinekdohi v sovremennoj ukrainskoj hudozhestvennoj proze. Koncept. 2013. № 5.
URL: http://e-koncept. ru/2013/13115. htm (data zvernennya: 10.10.2019).
3. Kubryakova E. S. Glagoly dejstviya cherez ih kognitivnye harakteristiki Logicheskij analiz yazyka. Modeli dejstviya. M.: Nauka, 1992. S 84–90.
4. Arutyunova N. D. Metonimiya. Lingvisticheskij enciklopedicheskij slovar / pod. red. V. N. Yarcevoj. M.: Sovetskaya enciklopediya, 1990. 682 s.
5. Udinska A. G. Metonimichni perenosi kazuzalnogo tipu na poznachennya lyudini v anglijskij ta ukrayinskij movah: avtoref. na zdobuttya nauk. stup. kand.
fIlol. nauk. Doneck, 2007. 23 s.
6. Kubrak A. Kontekstna realizaciya metonimiyi v hudozhnij prozi anglijskogo modernizmu. Lingvistika. 2011. №2. S. 157–163.
7. Sirotina V. A. Metonimiya i metonimicheskij epitet v hudozhestvennoj rechi. Russkij yazyk v shkole. 1980. №6. S. 72–76.
8. Hovanskaya Z. I. Strukturno-funkcionalnyj analiz hudozhestvennoj rechi: аvtoref. na zdobuttya nauk. stup. d-ra filol. nauk. M., 1976. 38 s.
9. Selivanova O. O. Suchasna lingvistika: napryami ta problemi: monjgrafiya. Poltava: Dovkillya, 2008. 712 s.
10. Hedzhiyan L. Strannost. Logos. Leningradskie mezhdunarodnye chteniya. L., 1991. S. 201–211.
11. Dobin E. N. Syuzhet i dejstvitelnost. Iskusstvo detail: monjgrafiya. L.: Sovetskij pisatel, 1981. 432 s.
12. Gogol N. V. Polnoe sobranie sochineniy i pisem: v 17–ti t. / sost., podgot. tekstov i komment.: I. A. Vinogradova, V. A. Voropaeva. M., K.: Moskovskaya patriarhiya, 2009 - 2010.

Abstract views: 28
How to Cite
Banzeruk, O. V., and A. S. Banzeruk. “The Functioning of Metonymy and Synecdoche As Tropes and Stylistic Techniques in the Lexicostatistics of Nikolai Gogol”. Literature and Culture of Polissya, Vol. 96, no. 13f, Dec. 2019, pp. 222-35, doi:10.31654/2520-6966-2019-13f-96-222-235.