Emotives in reflecting worldview: a case of Patrick Süskind’s short story "Die taube"
The paper treats emotions in a short German stoty as a means of reflecting the author’s emotional and artistic worldview. Its reconstruction is the goal of the linguocultural approach to the study of language regarded as a means of interpreting the human totality of knowledge about the world, culture as well as the mentality of a nation. The article supports the idea that the emotional worldview is encoded by the semantics of emotional vocabulary referring to the world in a specific emotional way. It is revealed that the linguistic units in Patrick Süskind’s short story "Die Taube" name, describe and express ten basic human
emotions: joy, interest, anger, suffering, fear, disgust, disrespect, shame, guilt and wonder. The paper divides lexical-semantic units into those denoting positive and negative emotions as well as discusses their lexical-grammatical organization in a work of fiction. The quantitative analysis of the words under study finds that negative semantics is predominant in the story being expressed by 123 linguistic units (96%). The most frequent emotion rendered in the analyzed work is that of fear represented by 44 units (34%). The article discusses the lexical grammatical mechanisms of implementing the author’s artistic worldview, i. e. its actualization in the artistic images of the writer’s worldview. Nouns referring to emotions, emotional states of a person, objects and subjects serving as carriers of those states are found to have 58 representations, which is 45% of the total number of lexical units. The emotionality of the analyzed text and the dominance of the vocabulary with objective meaning are the specific features of the author’s worldview. It is proved that language reproduces rational and emotional aspects of human cognitive activity while emotional and sensual aspects of worldview are actively employed by the author of the text to draw the audience’s attention to social and individual problems of German society.
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