The formation and development of native cultural and musicological regionalistic study
The article highlights the historical and cultural foundations of the formation of national cultural and musicological regional studies. Regionalism is singled out as a separate branch of scientific knowledge, focused on the study of the region as a whole geographical, economic, political, socio-cultural system of functioning of territorial societies. Attention is drawn to the notion of "regionalism" as a method that synthesizes the approaches of different sciences to regional research. It is established that the first attempts of regional research went from delineation of geographical boundaries, identification of ethno-territorial features, isolation of anthropological, economic, linguistic, ritual-custom and folklore features – to substantiation of differences of cultural and artistic processes of Ukraine. The first attempts of regional research in Ukraine from the scientific description of the territorial diversity of Ukraine in the seventeenth century to the modern range of issues of regional membership of the territory of Ukraine, which fell into the scientific interests of not only ethnographers but also historians, demographers, linguists, economists, anthropologists, are presented, culturologists. The significance of P. Chubinsky’s researches in the complex comprehensive study of the culture of individual regions of Ukraine, anthropologist Hv. Vovk about the anthropological features of Ukrainians in relation to the geographical spread of their language dialects. There is a wide panorama of the study of regional cultural phenomena in musical folklore on the examples of studies by P. Sokalsky, M. Lysenko, F. Kolessa, K. Kvitka, in choreography – V. Verkhovynets – the founders of the regional approach in the study of artistic phenomena. It has been found out that at the turn of the XX–XXI centuries there is an outburst of scientists’ interest in regional problems. Ukrainian culture is conceived as a holistic phenomenon in the Slavic and world contexts, and a new methodology for the development of contemporary cultural and musicological regional studies is being formed.
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