Role of Panteleimon Kulish in the Spiritual Development of the Ukrainian Nation

  • T. Chumak Candidate of Pedagogic Science, Senior Lecturer of Journalism and Linguistic Communication Department National University of Life and Environmental Sciences of Ukraine
Keywords: Ukrainian nation, Ukrainian culture, multi-faceted artist


Panteleimon Kulish is a prominent figure in Ukrainian culture and literature. Despite some contradictions of the artist’s cultural and philosophical views in different phases of his life and art, most researchers agree that Panteleimon Kulish is one of those figures who, being multi-faceted, have made a tremendous contribution to the development of Ukrainian culture, literature, art, language and science. P. Kulish participated in the Cyrill-and-Methodius Brotherhood ideological programforming named Genesis of the Ukrainian People. The program was focused on addressing self-identification issues, protecting a separate historical genesis as a community and forming the national consciousness, its spread among Ukrainians. Understanding state and legal ideas comprehensively, P. Kulish offered his own solution to existing complex problems aimed at shaping national consciousness via the historical memory revival. In the decades that followed, in his writings Kulish continued to condemn violence and destruction as means of pursuing a goal. He gives great importance in the social spiritual development to his native word, the Ukrainian language, and praises the beauty of the world, nature, love as a high and noble feeling. Panteleimon Kulish has undergone a marked ideological evolution during his long creative life, driven by social circumstances, political regimes, cultural progress and own assimilation. The artist has made his mark on the world as a talented creative individuality, that enriched his people with literary and fiction (poetic and prose) and nonfiction, scholarly works in the field of history, ethnography, folklore studies, literary studies. P. Kulish is the author of the first Bible translation into Ukrainian. Panteleimon Kulish’s achievements and merits in the development of Ukrainian literature, culture and national ideology are in his
developing of the original regulating conception of the nation spiritual development, marking his perspective direction, which are the components of evolutionary progress, cultural, non-violent way of struggle for social progress and national liberation, statehood, focusing on
eternal humanistic values, universal human morality, Christian brotherhood, universal and national priorities raising over class interests, organic combining of both national ideas and universal ideals.


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How to Cite
Chumak, T. “Role of Panteleimon Kulish in the Spiritual Development of the Ukrainian Nation”. Literature and Culture of Polissya, Vol. 98, no. 14f, May 2020, pp. 41-56, doi:10.31654/2520-6966-2020-14f-98-41-56.