The Typology of Female Images in Maria Matios’ Prose

  • O. M. Kaplenko Associate Professor of Ukrainian Literature, Methods of Teaching and Journalism Department, Nizhyn Mykola Gogol State University
Keywords: Sufferer, Mother and Exile female images, Maria Matios


The article is devoted to the presentation of the contemporary Ukrainian literary process, inparticular Maria Matios’ works. This research offers a complex analysis of the basic triad of female images on the material of the author’s prose. These are artistic variations of the embodiment of Sufferer, Mother and Exile female images. The image of a suffering woman is considered based on the most resonant novel "Sweet Darusia", which content concerns the tragic events of Ukrainian history of the 1930–1970s. However, this novel is not about history, but about the story of a human’s soul. Throughout her life, the main character atones for the child’s unconscious sin. Her tragedy is exacerbated by the images of pain, voice, dumbness, eternity and fate, that turns the novel into a philosophy of existence and suffering, pain and love, fate of the people and fate of a human. The female image of Mother is investigated based on the story "Mother Marica, the Wife of Chrystopher Columbus". The phenomenon of motherhood is revealed through Jung’s archetypal conception of a mother as the mental and physical precondition for the existence of a child. Mother’s tragedy and her alienation from life due to her husband’s death project the difficult fate for the child and her own inevitable spiritual and physical trauma. Exile female image is represented in the story "Moskalytsia". Exiled from home, the main
character finds herself alone facing the unknown, danger and loneliness. However, this condition accumulates Moskalytsia’s internal forces and helps to overcome resentment, which results in her embarking for the path of witchcraft and helping people. Therefore woman’s consciousness appears in various aspects and the problem of a woman’s inner freedom and her choice of life path manifests itself in various existential situations.


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How to Cite
Kaplenko, O. M. “The Typology of Female Images in Maria Matios’ Prose”. Literature and Culture of Polissya, Vol. 98, no. 14f, May 2020, pp. 112-20, doi:10.31654/2520-6966-2020-14f-98-112-120.