Literature and Culture of Polissya 2020-10-29T12:48:06+02:00 Grygoriy Samoylenko Open Journal Systems <p><strong>This periodical was founded in 1990 by Prof. H. V. Samoylenko</strong></p> <p><strong>ISSN: 2618-0022 (Online)&nbsp; &nbsp;</strong><strong>ISSN: 2520-6966 (Print)</strong></p> <p><strong>Since 2013 the periodical has been published in two series: "History Research", "Philology Research"</strong></p> <p>According to Resolution of Higher Attestation Board of 30 June 2015 and order of the Ministry of Education and Science № 747 this collection of research papers is re-registered and listed among the scientific periodicals appropriate&nbsp;<strong>for publishing the results of dissertation theses in history</strong>.</p> <p><span lang="EN-US">According to Resolution of Ukrainian Higher Attestation Board and order</span><span lang="EN-US">&nbsp;</span><span lang="EN-US">o</span><span lang="EN-US">f Ministry&nbsp;</span><span lang="EN-US">of&nbsp;</span><span lang="EN-US">Education&nbsp;</span><span lang="EN-US">of&nbsp;</span><span lang="EN-US">Ukraine of 21 December 2015 N 1328 this</span><span lang="EN-US">&nbsp;</span><span lang="EN-US">coll</span><span lang="EN-US">ection</span><span lang="EN-US">&nbsp;</span><span lang="EN-US">of research papers is re-registered and listed among the</span><span lang="EN-US">&nbsp;</span><span lang="EN-US">scientific periodicals appropriate&nbsp;<strong>for publishing the results of theses by</strong></span><strong><span lang="EN-US">&nbsp;</span><span lang="EN-US">appli</span><span lang="EN-US">cants</span><span lang="EN-US">&nbsp;</span><span lang="EN-US">for Degrees of Candidate and Doctor&nbsp;</span><span lang="EN-US">of&nbsp;</span><span lang="EN-US">Sciences</span><span lang="EN-US">&nbsp;</span><span lang="EN-US">i</span><span lang="EN-US">n</span><span lang="EN-US">&nbsp;</span><span lang="EN-US">Phi</span></strong><span lang="EN-US"><strong>lology</strong>.</span>&nbsp;</p> Election campaigns to local governments of Nizhyn after the introduction of the City Regulations of 1870 2020-10-29T10:13:24+02:00 K. Y. Solodka <p>On the basis of archival materials, the introduction of the City Regulations of 1870 in Nizhyn, one of the largest county towns of the Russian Empire, is analyzed. The first steps of civil servants in organizing local elections are described. The procedure of delegation to the institutions of city public administration of Nizhyn in 1870–1898 is covered: the numerical composition of voters, vowels, features of their election, the process of formation of the Duma and the council are analyzed. The election documentation, requirements of its registration according to the legislation are characterized. A list of a package of reporting documents sent to the governor’s office after the election procedure is provided. The circle of officials who took part in creation of necessary papers, were responsible for correctness and timeliness of their development is specified. The article describes the problems that arose during the preparation for the vote. Violation of the election procedure due to incorrect actions of the board. Ignorance and misunderstanding by the city residents of the election process, a high level of absenteeism among voters. The characteristics of social conditions that were most interested in the formation of urban<br>institutions are described. The relationship between the newly created city authorities and the governor is covered. The influence of provincial institutions on the course of local elections is analyzed. Based on published materials and archival sources, the number of local residents who had the right to participate in the voting procedure is indicated. It depicts the uneven distribution of votes between categories, the number of voters who had one vowel in each election meeting. The reasons and purpose of the introduction of the City Regulations of 1892 are analyzed, the content of the normative-legal document is characterized. The process of formation of election institutions of the city administration, changes in the conduct of meetings, the social composition of the Nizhyn City Duma and the administration after the new reform are studied. A comparison of the Regulations of 1870 and 1892 is given, the pros and cons of legislative acts are characterized.</p> 2020-05-29T00:00:00+03:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Denunciations of officials to the authorities based on the materials of the affairs of the Nezhin leader of the nobility M. Ya. Pocheka 2020-10-29T12:06:35+02:00 O. O. Leiberov <p>The article is devoted to the study of the denunciation phenomenon and the practice of denunciation that existed among the bureaucratic environment of the Russian Empire at the beginning of the 19th century. On the example of the activity of the leader of the nobility of Nezhin district M. Ya. Pocheka. The kidneys examined the features of this problem. The researcher focuses on the differences in the writing of denunciations based on the specific goal that their author pursues. The concrete examples show the difference between political and business denunciations, between selfish and selfless. The mechanisms of protection of bosses from the denunciations of subordinates are analyzed.</p> 2020-05-29T00:00:00+03:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Political and Ideological Preconditions of Formation of Grass-Roots Activist Groups as Perpetrators of the Holodomor-Genocide 2020-10-29T12:48:06+02:00 Olesia Stasiuk <p>In the article, the political and ideological prerequisites for the formation of groups of activists in the 1920s, who were subsequently executors of the decisions of the Soviet-party nomenclature aimed at organizing and committing the Holodomor-genocide of Ukrainians in 1932–1933, are examined. It is proven that the activists did not appear spontaneously; this was a planned and prepared campaign of the Bolshevik authorities. This campaign was implemented along with authorities’ strengthening and changing into the totalitarian form. The Bolsheviks were solving the "farmers’ question" by the methods of social engineering, which included erasing the difference between land tenure and land use in the minds of the farmers, land deprivation as the instrument of class struggle aggravation, creating of the Bolshevik model of pauperization and crisis in farmers’ community (in accordance with social and economical theory of Marxism), categorical rejection of Menshevik ideas of municipalization and creating of democratic state institutions, "chornyi peredel" (black repartition) as the instrument for "proletarization of farmers" (defarmerization), social differentiation of farmers or dividing them into the social groups as the element of implementation of "diverse-class policy in the villages", which finally won at the end of 1929, cultivation of poverty as the virtue of proletarian farmer, using of the term "kurkul" ("kulak") for ideological and manipulative aims such as to deprive the farmers of the land and profit, securing of the decision on forced<br>collectivization-nationalization at the state level which needed the performers at the local level, and creating the dictatorship of proletariat bodies and "managed people’s democracy" (village councils, class unions, committees of poor peasants, etc.), the members of which were the village activists. It is emphasized that as a result of "Bolshevik" agrarian sector modernization and "proletarianization" of people, a whole new social layer appeared – local activists as a resource and tool for the "dictatorship of the proletariat" and as builders of new state, who helped to subjugate and starve the Ukrainian people.</p> 2020-05-29T00:00:00+03:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement##