The genesis of geographical knowledge of the initial population of Ukraine (late Paleolithic, Mesolithic)

  • O. Yu. Moskalenko Candidate of Historical sciencesand Associate Professor at the Department of History of Ukraine Nizhyn Mykola Gogol State University

Abstract

Theartic ledeals with the process of emergence and accumulation of geographical knowledge in the primitive population of Ukraine during the late Paleolithic – Mesolithic.
The applied character of early geography due to the needs of effective hunting and gathering economy is noted. This type of management determines the mobile way of life, seasonal migration for the object soffishing. Accordingly, the ability an dskills of orientation on the ground with different natural objects of the earth’ssurface and the celestial sphere were developed. Had to realizet he features of landscape bands, macro and microrelief of thee arth’ssurface, the existing floraand fauna.
A significant factor in the acquisition of geographical knowledge was theneed topro videraw material sdeposits of some ofthem wereat a distance of ten soreven hundred sof kilometers from their places of residence.
Experience of short-termandlong-term for ecasting of weather and climatic conditions on the soil of supervision of the state of the atmosphere during different seasons of anannual economic cycle, behavior of insects, ants, animals, fishes, features of vegetation of various breedsof trees, the available condition of plants, field flowers were accumulated.
The concept of geographical environment was formed.

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Abstract views: 19
Published
2018-11-24
How to Cite
Moskalenko, O. Y. “The Genesis of Geographical Knowledge of the Initial Population of Ukraine (late Paleolithic, Mesolithic)”. Literature and Culture of Polissya, Vol. 92, no. 10i, Nov. 2018, pp. 5-19, doi:10.31654/2520-6966-2018-10i-92-5-19.